Uganda Lodge Constitution
Adopted on 22 July 2012
“Working in partnership with the local community to improve the health, education and livelihoods
of the people of Ntungamo District and surrounding areas of South West Uganda.”
1. Adoption of the Constitution
The Association and its property will be administered and managed in accordance with the
provisions in Parts 1 and 2 of this Constitution.
The Association’s name is Uganda Lodge (and in this document is called “the
“The Charity’s objects (“the objects”) are:
1) To advance education for the public benefit in particular but not exclusively in
Ntungamo District, South West Uganda.
2) The prevention or relief of poverty for the public benefit in particular but not
exclusively in Ntungamo District, South West Uganda.
3) The promotion and protection of good health in particular but not exclusively in
Ntungamo District, South West Uganda.
4. Application of Income and Property
(1) The income and property of the charity shall be applied solely towards the promotion of the
(a) A charity trustee is entitled to be reimbursed from the property of the charity or may pay
out of such property reasonable expenses properly incurred by him or her when acting on
behalf of the charity.
(b) A charity trustee may benefit from trustee indemnity insurance cover purchased at the
charity’s expense in accordance with, and subject to the conditions in, Section 189 of the
(2) None of the income or property of the charity may be paid or transferred directly or indirectly by
way of dividend bonus or otherwise by way of profit to any member of the charity. This does not
prevent a member who is not also a trustee from receiving:
(a) a benefit from the charity in the capacity of a beneficiary of the charity;
(b) reasonable and proper remuneration for any goods or services supplied to the charity.
5. Benefits and Payments to Charity Trustees and Connected Persons
(1) General Provisions
No charity trustee or connected person may:
(a) buy or receive any goods or services from the charity on terms preferential to those
applicable to members of the public;
(b) sell goods, services or any interest in land to the charity;
(c) be employed by, or receive any remuneration from the charity;
(d) receive any other financial benefit from the charity;
unless the payment is permitted by sub-clause (2) of this clause, or authorised by the court
or the Charity Commission (“the Commission”). In this clause, a “financial benefit” means a
benefit, direct or indirect, which is either money or has a monetary value
(2) Scope and Powers Permitting Trustees’ or Connected Persons’ Benefits
(a) A charity trustee or connected person may receive a benefit from the charity in the
capacity of a beneficiary of the charity provided that a majority of the trustees do
not benefit in this way.
(b) A charity trustee or connected person may enter into a contract for the supply of
services, or goods that are supplied in connection with the provision of services, to
the charity where that is permitted in accordance with, and subject to the conditions
in, Section 185 of the Charities Act 2011.
(c) Subject to sub-clause (3) of this clause a charity trustee or connected person may
provide the charity with goods that are not supplied in connection with services
provided to the charity by the charity trustee or connected person.
(d) A charity trustee or connected person may receive interest on money lent to the
charity at a reasonable and proper rate which must not be more than the Bank of
England rate (also known as “the base rate”).
(e) A charity trustee or connected person may receive rent for premises let by the
trustee or connected person to the charity. The amount of rent and other terms of
the lease must be reasonable and proper. The charity trustee concerned must
withdraw from any meeting at which such a proposal or the rent or any other terms
of the lease are under discussion.
(f) A charity trustee or connected person may take part in the normal trading and
fundraising activities of the charity on the same terms as members of the public.
(3) Payment for Supply of Goods Only – Controls
The charity and its charity trustees may only rely upon the authority provided by sub-clause (2)(c) of
this clause if each of the following conditions is satisfied:
(a) The amount or maximum amount of the payment for the goods is set out in an
agreement in writing between the charity and the charity trustee or connected
person supplying the goods (“the supplier”) under which the supplier is to supply the
goods in question to or on behalf of the charity.
(b) The amount or maximum amount of the payment for the goods does not exceed
what is reasonable in the circumstances for the supply of the goods in question.
(c) The other charity trustees are satisfied that it is in the best interests of the charity to
contract with the supplier rather than with someone who is not a charity trustee or
connected person. In reaching that decision the charity trustees must balance the
advantage of contracting with a charity trustee or connected person against the
disadvantages of doing so.
(d) The supplier is absent from the part of any meeting at which there is a discussion of
the proposal to enter into a contract or arrangement with him or her or it with
regard to the supply of goods to the charity.
(e) The supplier does not vote on any such matter and is not to be counted when
calculating whether a quorum of charity trustees is present at the meeting.
(f) The reason for their decision is recorded by the charity trustees in the minute book.
(g) A majority of the charity trustees then in office are not in receipt of remuneration or
payments authorised by clause 5.
(4) In sub-clauses (2) and (3) of this clause:
(a) “the charity” includes any company in which the charity:
(i) holds more than 50% of the shares; or
(ii) controls more than 50% of the voting rights attached to the shares; or
(iii) has the right to appoint one or more trustees to the board of the company.
(b) “connected person” includes any person within the definition set out in clause
(1) If the members resolve to dissolve the charity the trustees will remain in office as charity trustees
and be responsible for winding up the affairs of the charity in accordance with this clause.
(2) The trustees must collect in all the assets of the charity and must pay or make provision for all
the liabilities of the charity.
(3) The trustees must apply any remaining property or money:
(a) directly for the objects;
(b) by transfer to any charity or charities for purposes the same as or similar to the charity;
(c) in such other manner as the Charity Commission for England and Wales (“the Commission”) may
approve in writing in advance.
(4) The members may pass a resolution before or at the same time as the resolution to dissolve the
charity specifying the manner in which the trustees are to apply the remaining property or assets of
the charity and the trustees must comply with the resolution if it is consistent with paragraphs (a) –
(c) inclusive in sub-clause (3) above.
(5) In no circumstances shall the net assets of the charity be paid to or distributed among the
members of the charity (except to a member that is itself a charity).
(6) The trustees must notify the Commission promptly that the charity has been dissolved. If the
trustees are obliged to send the charity’s accounts to the Commission for the accounting period
which ended before its dissolution, they must send the Commission the charity’s final accounts.
7. Amendment of Constitution
(1) The charity may amend any provision in Part 1of this Constitution provided that:
(a) no amendment may be made that would have the effect of making the charity cease
to be a charity at law;
(b) no amendment may be made to alter the objects if the change would undermine or
work against the previous objects of the charity;
(c) no amendment may be made to clauses 4 or 5 without the prior consent of the
(d) any resolution to amend a provision of Part 1 of this Constitution is passed by not
less than two thirds of the members present and voting at a general meeting.
(2) Any provision contained in Part 2 of this Constitution may be amended, provided that any
such amendment is made by resolution passed by a simple majority of the members present
and voting at a general meeting.
(3) A copy of any resolution amending this Constitution shall be sent to the Commission within
twenty one days of it being passed.
(1) Membership is open to individuals over eighteen years of age or organisations who are
approved by the trustees.
(2) (a) The trustees may only refuse an application for membership if, acting reasonably
and properly, they consider it to be in the best interests of the charity to refuse
(b) The trustees must inform the applicant in writing of the reasons for the refusal within
twenty one days of the decision.
(c) The trustees must consider any written representations the applicant may make about
the decision. The trustees’ decision following any written representations must be
notified to the applicant in writing but shall be final.
(3) Membership is not transferable to anyone else.
(4) The trustees must keep a register of names and addresses of the members which must be made
available to any member upon request.
9. Termination of Membership
Membership is terminated if:
(1) the member dies or, if it is an organisation, ceases to exist;
(2) the member resigns by written notice to the charity unless, after the resignation,
there would be less than two members;
(3) any sum due from the member to the charity is not paid in full within six months
of it falling due;
(4) the member is removed from membership by a resolution of the trustees that it is in the
best interests of the charity that his or her membership is terminated. A resolution to
remove a member from membership may only be passed if:
(a) the member has been given at least twenty one days’ notice in writing of the meeting of
the trustees at which the resolution will be proposed and the reasons why it is to be
(b) the member or, at the option of the member, the member’s representative (who need
not be a member of the charity) has been allowed to make representations to the meeting.
10. General Meetings
(1) The charity must hold a general meeting within twelve months of the date of the
adoption of this constitution.
(2) An annual general meeting must be held in each subsequent year and not more than
fifteen months may elapse between successive annual general meetings.
(3) All general meetings other than annual general meetings shall be called special general
(4) The trustees may call a special general meeting at any time.
(5) The trustees must call a special general meeting if requested to do so by at least 10
members or one tenth of the membership, whichever is greater. The request must state
the nature of the business that is to be discussed. If the trustees fail to hold the meeting
within twenty eight days of the request, the members may proceed to call a special
general meeting but in doing so they must comply with the provisions of this constitution.
(1) The minimum period of notice required to call any general meeting of the charity is
fourteen clear days from the date on which notice is deemed to have been given.
(2) A general meeting can be called on shorter notice, if it is so agreed by all the members
entitled to attend and vote.
(3) The notice must specify the date, time and place of the meeting and the general nature
of the business to be transacted. If the meeting is to be an annual general meeting the
notice must say so.
(4) The notice must be given to all the members and the trustees.
(1) No business shall be transacted at any general meeting unless a quorum is present.
(2) A quorum is:
(a) ten members entitled to vote upon the business to be conducted at the meeting;
(b) one tenth of the total membership at the time,
whichever is less.
(3) The authorised representative of a member organisation shall be counted in the quorum.
(a) a quorum is not present within half an hour from the time appointed for the
(b) during a meeting a quorum ceases to be present,
the meeting shall be adjourned to such time and place as the trustees shall
(5) The trustees must re-convene the meeting and must give at least seven days’ clear notice of
the re-convened meeting stating the date, time and place of the meeting.
(6) If no quorum is present at the re-convened meeting within fifteen minutes of the time
specified for the start of the meeting the members present at that time shall constitute the
quorum for that meeting.
(1) General meetings shall be chaired by the person who has been elected as Chair.
(2) If there is no such person or he or she is not present within fifteen minutes of the time
appointed for the meeting a trustee nominated by the trustees shall chair the meeting.
(3) If there is only one trustee present and willing to act, he or she shall chair the meeting.
(4) If no trustee is present and willing to chair the meeting within fifteen minutes after the time
appointed for holding it the members present and entitled to vote must choose one of their
number to chair the meeting.
(1) The members present at a meeting may resolve that the meeting shall be adjourned.
(2) The person who is chairing the meeting must decide the date, time and place at which the
meeting is to be re-convened unless those details are specified in the resolution.
(3) No business shall be conducted at an adjourned meeting unless it could properly be conducted at
the meeting had the adjournment not taken place.
(4) If a meeting is adjourned by resolution of the members for more than seven days, at least seven
days’ clear notice shall be given of the re-convened meeting stating the date, time and place of the
(1) Each member shall have one vote but if there is an equality of vote the person chairing the
meeting shall have a casting vote in addition to any other vote he or she may have.
(2) A resolution in writing signed by each member (or in the case of a member that is an
organisation, by its authorised representative) who would have been entitled to vote upon it had it
been proposed at a general meeting shall be effective. It may comprise several copies each signed by
or on behalf of one or more members.
16. Representatives of Other Bodies
(1) Any organisation that is a member of the charity may nominate any person to act as its
representative at any meeting of the charity.
(2) The organisation must give written notice to the charity of the name of its representative. The
nominee shall not be entitled to represent the organisation at any meeting unless the notice has
been received by the charity. The nominee may continue to represent the organisation until written
notice to the contrary is received by the charity.
(3) Any notice given to the charity shall be conclusive evidence that the nominee is entitled to
represent the organisation or that his or her authority has been revoked.
The charity shall not be required to consider whether the nominee has been properly appointed by
17. Officers and Trustees
(1) The charity and its property shall be managed and administered by a committee comprising the
officers and other members elected in accordance with this Constitution. The officers and other
members of the committee shall be the trustees of the charity and in this Constitution are together
called “the trustees”.
(2) The charity shall have the following officers:
(a) A chair;
(b) A secretary; and
(c) A treasurer.
(3) A trustee must be a member of the charity or the nominated representative of an organisation
that is a member of the charity.
(4) No one may be appointed a trustee if he or she would be disqualified from acting under the
provisions of clause 20.
(5) The number of trustees shall be no less than three but (unless otherwise determined by a
resolution of the charity in general meeting) shall not be subject to any maximum.
(6) The first trustees (including officers) shall be those persons elected as trustees and officers at the
meeting at which this Constitution is adopted.
(7) A trustee may not appoint anyone to act on his or her behalf at meetings of the trustees.
18. Appointment of Trustees
(1) The charity in general meeting shall elect the officers and other trustees.
(2) The trustees may appoint any person who is willing to act as a trustee. Subject to sub-clause 5(b)
of this clause they may also appoint trustees to act as officers.
(3) Each of the trustees will retire with effect from the conclusion of the annual general meeting next
after his or her election but shall be eligible for re-election at that annual general meeting.
(4) No-one may be elected a trustee or an officer at any annual general meeting unless prior to the
meeting the charity is given a notice that:
(a) is signed by a member entitled to vote at the meeting;
(b) states the member’s intention to propose the appointment of a person as a trustee or as
an officer; and
(c) is signed by the person who is to be proposed to show his or her willingness to be
(5) (a) The appointment of a trustee, whether by the charity in general meeting or by the other
trustees, must not cause the number of trustees to exceed any number fixed in accordance
with this constitution as the maximum number of trustees.
(b) The trustees may not appoint a person to be an officer if a person has already been
elected or appointed to that office and has not vacated the office.
19. Powers of Trustees
(1) The trustees must manage the business of the charity and have the following powers in order to
further the objects (but not for any other purpose):
(a) to raise funds. In doing so, the trustees must not undertake any taxable permanent
trading activity and must comply with any relevant statutory regulations;
(b) to buy, take on lease or in exchange, hire or otherwise acquire any property and to
maintain and equip it for use;
(c) to sell, lease or otherwise dispose of all or any part of the property belonging to the
charity. In exercising this power the trustees must comply as appropriate with Sections 117-
122 of the Charities Act 2011;
(d) To borrow money and to charge the whole or any part of the property belonging to the
charity as security for repayment of the money borrowed. The trustees must comply as
appropriate with Sections 124-126 of the Charities Act 2011 if they intend to mortgage land;
(e) to co-operate with other charities, voluntary bodies and statutory authorities and to
exchange information and advice with them;
(f) to establish or support any charitable trusts, associations or institutions formed for any of
the charitable purposes included in the objects;
(g) to acquire, merge with or enter into any partnership or joint venture arrangement with
any other charity formed for any of the objects;
(h) to set aside income as a reserve against future expenditure but only in accordance with a
written policy about reserves;
(i) to obtain and pay for such goods and services as are necessary for carrying out the work
of the charity;
(j) to open and operate such bank and other accounts as the trustees consider necessary and to
invest funds and to delegate the management of funds in the same manner and subject to the same
conditions as the trustees of a trust are permitted to do by the Trustee Act 2000;
(k) to do all such other lawful things as are necessary for the achievement of the objects.
(2) No alteration of this Constitution or any special resolution shall have retrospective effect to
invalidate any prior act of the trustees.
(3) Any meeting of trustees at which a quorum is present at the time the relevant decision is made
may exercise all the powers exercisable by the trustees.
20. Disqualification and Removal of Trustees
A trustee shall cease to hold office if he or she:
(1) is disqualified from acting as a trustee by virtue of Sections 178 and 179 of the Charities Act 2011
(or any statutory re-enactment or modification of that provision);
(2) ceases to be a member of the charity;
(3) becomes incapable by reason of mental disorder, illness or injury of managing and administering
his or her own affairs;
(4) resigns as a trustee by notice to the charity (but only if at least two trustees will remain in office
when the notice of resignation is to take effect); or
(5) is absent without the permission of the trustees from all their meetings held within a period of
six consecutive months and the trustees resolve that his or her office be vacated.
21. Proceedings of Trustees
(1) The trustees may regulate their proceedings as they think fit, subject to the provisions of this
(2) Any trustee may call a meeting of the trustees.
(3) The secretary must call a meeting of the trustees if requested to do so by a trustee.
(4) Questions arising at a meeting must be decided by a majority of votes.
(5) In the case of an equality of votes the person who chairs the meeting shall have a second or
(6) No decision may be made by a meeting of the trustees unless a quorum is present at the time the
decision is purported to be made.
(7) The quorum shall be two or the number nearest one third of the total number of trustees,
whichever is the greater or such larger number as may be decided from time to time by the trustees.
(8) A trustee shall not be counted in the quorum present when a decision is made about a matter
upon which that trustee is not entitled to vote.
(9) if the number of trustees is less than the number fixed as the quorum the continuing trustees or
trustee may act only for the purpose of filling vacancies or of calling a general meeting.
(10) The person elected as Chair shall chair meetings of the trustees.
(11) If the Chair is unwilling to preside or is not present within 10 minutes after the time appointed
for the meeting the trustees present may appoint one of their number to chair that meeting.
(12) The person appointed to chair meetings of the trustees shall have no functions or powers
except those conferred by this constitution or delegated to him or her in writing by the trustees.
(13) A resolution in writing signed by all the trustees entitled to receive notice of a meeting of
trustees or of a committee of trustees and to vote upon the resolution shall be as valid and effectual
as if it had been passed at a meeting of the trustees or (as the case may be) a committee of trustees
duly convened and held.
(14) The resolution in writing may comprise several documents containing the text of the resolution
in lie form each signed by one or more trustees.
22. Conflicts of Interests and Conflicts of Loyalties
A trustee must:
(1) declare the nature and extent of any interest, direct or indirect, which he or she has in a
proposed transaction or arrangement with the charity or in any transaction or arrangement entered
into by the charity which has not previously been declared; and
(2) absent himself or herself from any discussions of the charity trustees in which it is possible that a
conflict will arise between his or her duty to act solely in the interests of the charity and any
personal interest (including but not limited to any oersonal financial interest.
Any charity trustee absenting himself or herself from any discussions in accordance with this clause
must not vote or be counted as part of the quorum in any discussion of the charity trustees on the
23. Saving Provisions
(1) Subject to sub-clause (2) of this clause all decisions of the charity trustees, or of a committee of
the charity trustees, shall be valid notwithstanding the participation in any vote of a charity trustee:
(a) who is disqualified from holding office;
(b) who had previously retired or who had been obliged by this constitution to vacate office;
(c) who was not entitled to vote on the matter, whether by reason of a conflict of interests
if, without the vote of that charity trustee and that charity trustee being counted in the quorum, the
decision has been made by a majority of the charity trustees at a quorate meeting.
(2) Sub-clause (1) of this clause does not permit a charity trustee to keep any benefit that may be
conferred upon him or her by a resolution of the charity trustees, or a committee of charity trustees
if, but for sub-clause (1), the resolution would have been void, or if the charity trustee has not
complied with clause 22 (Conflicts of Interests and Conflicts of Loyalties).
(1) The trustees may delegate any of their powers or functions to a committee of two or more
trustees but the terms of any such delegation must be recorded in the minute book.
(2) The trustees may impose conditions when delegating, including the conditions that:
(a) the relevant powers are to be exercised exclusively by the committee to whom they are
(b) no expenditure shall be incurred on behalf of the charity except in accordance with a budget
previously agreed with the trustees.
(3) The trustees may revoke or alter a delegation.
(4) All acts and proceedings of any committee must be fully and promptly reported to the trustees.
25. Irregularities in Proceedings
(1) Subject to sub-clause (2) in this clause all acts done by a meeting of trustees, or of a committee of
trustees, shall be valid notwithstanding the participation in any vote of a trustee:
(a) who was disqualified from holding office;
(b) who had previously retired or who had been obliged by the Constitution to vacate office;
(c) who was not entitled to vote on the matter, whether by reason of a conflict of interests
(d) the vote of that trustee; and
(e) that trustee being counted in the quorum,
the decision has been made by a majority of the trustees at a quorate meeting.
(2) Sub-clause (1) of this clause does not permit a trustee to keep any benefit that may be conferred
upon him or her by a resolution of the trustees or of a committee of trustees if the resolution would
otherwise have been void.
(3) No resolution or act of:
(a) the trustees;
(b) any committee of the trustees; or
(c) the charity in general meeting
shall be invalidated by the failure to give notice to any trustee or member or by reason of any
procedural defect in the meeting unless it is shown that the failure or defect has materially
prejudiced a member or the beneficiaries of the charity.
The trustees must keep minutes of all:
(1) appointments of officers and trustees made by the trustees;
(2) proceedings at meetings of the charity;
(3) meetings of the trustees and committees of the trustees, including:
(a) the names of trustees present at the meeting;
(b) the decisions made at the meetings; and
(c) where appropriate, the reasons for the decisions.
27. Accounts, Annual Report, Annual Return
(1) The trustees must comply with their obligations under the Charities Act 2011 with regard to:
(a) the keeping of accounting records for the charity;
(b) the preparation of annual statements of account for the charity;
(c) the transmission of the statements of account to the Commission;
(d) the preparation of an Annual Report and its transmission to the Commission; and
(e) the preparation of an Annual Return and its transmission to the Commission.
(2) Accounts must be prepared in accordance with the provisions of any Statement of
Recommended Practice issued by the Commission, unless the trustees are required to prepare
accounts in accordance with the provisions of such a statement prepared by another body.
28. Registered Particulars
The trustees must notify the Commission promptly of any changes to the charity’s entry on the
Central Register of Charities.
(1) The trustees must ensure the title to:
(a) all land held by or in trust for the charity that is not vested in the Official Custodian of
(b) all investments held by or on behalf of the charity,
is vested either in a corporation entitled to act as custodian trustee or in not less than three
individuals appointed by them as holding trustees.
(2) The terms of the appointment of any holding trustees must provide that they may act only in
accordance with lawful directions of the trustees and that if they do so they will not be liable for the
acts and defaults of the trustees or of the members of the charity.
(3) The trustees may remove the holding trustees at any time.
30. Repair and Insurance
The trustees must keep in repair and insure to their full value against fire and other usual risks all the
buildings of the charity (except those buildings that are required to be kept in repair and insured by
a tenant). They must also insure suitably in respect of public liability and employers liability.
(1) Any notice required by this Constitution to be given to or by any person must be:
(a) in writing; or
(b) given using electronic communications.
(2) The charity may give any notice to a member either:
(a) personally; or
(b) by sending it by post in a prepaid envelope addressed to the member at his or her
(c) by leaving it at the address of the member; or
(d) by giving it using electronic communications to the member’s address.
(3) A member who does not register an address with the charity or who registers only a postal
address which is not in the United Kingdom shall not be entitled to receive any notice from
(4) A member present at any meeting of the charity shall be deemed to have received notice of
the meeting and of the purposes for which it was called.
(5) (a) Proof that an envelope containing a notice was properly addressed, prepaid and posted
shall be conclusive evidence that the notice was given.
(b) Proof that a notice contained in an electronic communication was sent in accordance
with guidance issued by the Institute of Chartered Secretaries and Administrators shall be
conclusive evidence that the notice was given.
(c) A notice shall be deemed to be given 48 hours after the envelope containing it was
posted or, in the case of an electronic communication, 48 hours after it was sent.
(1) The trustees may from time to time make rules or bye-laws for the conduct of their business.
(2) The bye-laws may regulate the following matters but are not restricted to them:
(a) the admission of members of the charity (including the admission of organisations to
membership) and the rights and privileges of such members, and the entrance fees,
subscriptions and other fees or payments to be made by members;
(b) the conduct of members of the charity in relation to one another and to the charity’s
employees and volunteers;
(c) the setting aside of the whole or any part or parts of the charity’s premises at any
particular time or times or for any particular purpose or purposes;
(d) the procedure at general meeting and meetings of the trustees insofar as such procedure
is not regulated by this Constitution;
(e) the keeping and authenticating of records. (If regulations made under this clause permit
regulations of the charity to be kept in electronic form and requires a trustee to sign the
record, the regulations must specify a method of recording the signatures that enables it to
be properly authenticated.);
(f) generally all such matters as are commonly the subject matter of the rules of an
(3) The charity in general meeting has the power to alter, add to or repeal the rules or bye-laws.
(4) The trustees must adopt such means as they think sufficient to bring the rules and bye-laws to
the notice of members of the charity.
(5) The rules or bye-laws shall be binding on all members of the charity. No rule or bye-law shall be
inconsistent with, or shall affect or repeal anything contained in, this Constitution.
If a dispute arises between members of the charity about the validity or propriety of anything done
by the members under this Constitution, and the dispute cannot be resolved by agreement, the
parties to the dispute must first try in good faith to settle the dispute by mediation before resorting
In this Constitution “connected person” means:
(1) a child, parent, grandchild, grandparent, brother or sister of the trustee;
(2) the spouse or civil partner of the trustee or of any person falling within sub-clause (1) above;
(3) a person carrying on business in partnership with the trustee or with any person falling
within sub-clause (1) or (2) above;
(4) an institution which is controlled:
(a) by the trustee or any connected person falling within sub-clause (1), (2) or (3) above;
(b) by two or more persons falling within sub-clause (4)(a) when taken together;
(5) a body corporate which:
(a) the charity trustee or any connected person falling within sub-clauses (1) to (3) has a
substantial interest; or
(b) two or more persons falling within sub-clause (5)(a) who when taken together have
a substantial interest;
(6) Sections 350-352 of the Charities Act 2011 apply for the purposes of interpreting the terms
used in this clause.